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There was a degree of mental and physical energy in Dr. Graves which was possessed by few men. A prominent minister says: “I heard him preach three and one-half hours before the General Association at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in 1860, to a great congregation whose undivided attention he held to the last.”



The same untiring endurance and application marked his daily habits. He would read, make notes and prepare matter for whatever book he had on hand from early morning until noon. Then, after lunch, go to his office and attend to editorial business and return in the evening to write and revise his editorials or his book manuscripts on into the small hours of the night and sometimes until almost morning. From this constant labor, he would go to meet a list of appointments to preach or lecture, even in distant states, and speak for hours at a time to enthusiastic audiences, traveling many miles from one appointment to another, and then return to his desk to write night and day. Could this tremendous drive be borne for long? Could brain or body bear the constant strain? We shall see later that a stroke did come.



Dr. Graves had accumulated a very valuable and extensive library. He kept the historian, S.H. Orchard, of London England, on the constant lookout for important books to be found in the secondhand stores and bought them with reckless prodigality. When Dr. Graves died, he gave his library to me, along with the files of The Tennessee Baptist. The books were so valuable and so much exposed to danger of destruction in a pastor’s home that I placed these papers and books in the library of the Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary at Seminary Hill, Texas. There they may be consulted by any student, whether he be of the Seminary or not.


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A Legalistic society in a Lost and Dying World


There is a term I hear occasionally from a few people that claim to be saved and others that say they are preacher’s of the Gospel. That term is legalism. It is often used to deride those that teach and preach the full counsel of God. May I be more specific at the risk of offending some that have sensitive feelings? (Even though these same people would not give a second thought to loudly and demonstratively make their declarations without any thought to the feelings of some one else.) May I inject an aside here – Is it not amazing that these people, with authority and finality, will make a statement that they have not researched and have absolutely no scripture to support what they say and then expect you accept that statement at face value then refuse to discuss it further? To be specific about this term legalism that is bandied about so loosely: There are those that object to the declaration that lifestyle defines us as Christians. They would also object to the statement that we wear our best to the house of the Lord on the Lord’s day to worship Him. These they would say are not Biblical and therefore not to be practiced. There are many more objections to various things preached and taught.

I have an answer for the specific claims made in the above paragraph. I do believe we can agree that it is natural for a sinner to sin. A lost person is a sinner and that is their lifestyle and they can do nothing except sin. It should also be natural that a person that has been born again and Jesus has come and made his abode with him and the Holy Spirit indwells and seals them to the day of redemption would desire to become more like the Savior.

Rom 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.

Salvation is an inward change that expresses an outward manifestation. Paul expresses a dilemma over this very situation when he declares –

Rom 7:15 For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I.

Paul uses the term – I do. This term refers to the physical part. He was very much aware that the inward change had already taken place and now he was to “work out his salvation in fear and trembling.” Philippians 2:12. This is his expression of a lifestyle change so dramatic that others would notice. Why were they first call “Christians” at Antioch? Because the outward or physical, their practice in personal life and business was so different from the others it was noticed.

It is deceptive to take a term an change it’s meaning to suit what we want. Should I take the term of salvation and change the meaning to anything besides the New Birth, I would be confusing and deceptive. Matt. 19:16 records a ruler that came to Jesus and asked, “what good thing shall I do, that I may have everlasting life?” This is legalism. Legalism is trying to attain heaven by keeping the law, or performing a good work. It would be the same as saying you may be saved by being baptized or joining the church or being good and having your good works outweigh your bad works. You and I know that salvation is a gift of God and cannot be attained by good works. Legalism has everything to do about salvation.

Act 15:1 And certain men which came down from Judea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.

These men form Judea were teaching legalism. Salvation by the law is legalism.

So why would some misuse, redefine and abuse the meaning of the word? I can only surmise several reasons. One is, they are ignorant of the meaning of the word and have been taught that expecting a person that has been gloriously saved by the grace of God to change their life and be transformed in character and lifestyle and to conform to the image of Christ is not to be expected.

Rom 8:5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.

Rom 8:6 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.

Rom 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

Rom 8:8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.

Paul wraps it up here. We are to be spiritual. (Oh yes, what about how we dress. Give of your best to the master. If you will be diligent and open hearted in your study of God’s Word, you will find we dress to please Him, not self.)

Eph 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

Here we have the desires of the flesh entering into our conversation. This another reason to change the meaning of legalism.

Preacher’s having a desire to grow their congregation want to loosen things up so that worldly people feel comfortable. The come as you are crowd, the no church discipline crowd do not want to offend any one and therefore they have to change the meaning.

One last note: why would anyone desire to pull down someone that is living a Christ honoring life? Could it be jealousy? Could it be that one that feels the tug of sanctification and being set apart and are trying to live that separated life through the” renewing of the mind” brings conviction to the wanton living saved person? Why destroy a righteous living child of God.

One last last note: There are those that want to spiritualize what a Christian is. To that intent, they say the Bible does not really say what it says. You cannot take the pronouncements of God literally. Welllllll – Moses did, Abraham did, Jacob did, Paul and Silas did, Peter did, therefore I will.

Nuf said.


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