Tag Archives: Adam

HEBREWS – Commandment(s)


miswāh [and] sāwāh


The fifth term we meet in Scripture in reference to itself is commandment. This noun’s related verb is sāwāh (H6680), a general word that denotes a superior verbally ordering or commanding a subordinate. In its first occurrence, God verbally “commanded” Adam that he could “freely eat” of every tree in the garden except “the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” (Gen_2:16-17). It is also commonly used of people commanding other people (e.g., Gen_18:19; Exo_1:22; Jdg_4:6; 1Ki_5:17).


The feminine noun miswāh (H4687), however, is especially significant. Appearing some 181 times, it speaks more of official edicts or decrees. While it is used at times of the commands of men (e.g., Est_3:3; Pro_6:20; Isa_29:13), all sixty-three of its occurrences in the Pentateuch are of God’s commands, as are all twenty-two in Psalms 119 and, of course, others throughout the OT. Further, it appears quite often in reference to the entire body of divine law and instruction (Gen_26:5; Exo_16:28; Deu_6:2; 1Ki_2:3).


The common expression of our day that someone is “searching for truth” is actually a misnomer. Truth is not hidden; it has not been lost. As Deu_30:11 declares, “This commandment which I command thee this day, it is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off.” Truth, in fact, is quite easy to see if one simply opens one’s eyes. As Paul declares, even nature itself declares that there is a God of Creation (Rom_1:20), and as David adds, “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork” (Psa_19:1).


Let us meditate today on three attitudes we should have toward God’s commandments. First, let us remember them as true. As the psalmist challenges, we will “remember his commandments to do them” (Psa_103:18) simply because His “commandments are truth” (Psa_119:151). Second, let us regard them as valuable. When we truly see their value, even “above gold; yea, above fine gold” (Psa_119:127), we will “not wander from” or “err from” them but rather “learn” them (Psa_119:10; Psa_119:21; Psa_119:73). Third, let us revere them as holy. “Blessed is the man that feareth the LORD, that delighteth greatly in his commandments” (Psa_112:1) and that has “respect unto all [His] commandments” (Psa_119:6).


Scriptures for Study: What should fathers do with God’s commandments (Deu_6:6-9)? What does Deu_12:32 then declare (cf. Rev_22:18-19)?




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Hebrew – Abel




In stark contrast to Cain, whom we studied yesterday, there was his brother Abel, whose name also tells us much. The Hebrew is Heḇel (H1893), which is identical to heḇel (H1892; ) and has an interesting etymology. It literally means “wind, breath, or vapor,” while another form speaks of vanity or emptiness, as is true thirty-eight times in Ecclesiastes alone (e.g., “vanity of vanities; all is vanity,”), showing the total emptiness and utter futility of life without God (Rom_8:20-22).


While this word at first seems odd when applied to Abel, it in reality is quite appropriate. Why that name? One commentator offers this reason: “By the time of Abel’s birth, Eve had become thoroughly impressed with the impact of God’s curse on the world. God had indeed made the creation ‘subject to vanity.’” Abel’s existence itself was a vapor, that is, short-lived in comparison with the life spans of the day. Adam, for example, lived 930 years (Gen_5:5). By the evil of his own brother, however, Abel’s life was cut short. As vapor is present one moment and gone the next, so it was with Abel.


The application of this word to each of us is challenging. James writes on this very subject: “Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that. But now ye rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil” (Jas_4:13-16). Compared with the long life spans of people in Genesis, each of us is on this earth for a very short time. In light of eternity, it truly is only a vapor. How, then, should we live? Should we live a life of arrogance and self-determination? Or should our life be one that seeks God at every turn, whether it be in business decisions, personal living, or family life? To believe truly in the sovereignty of God is to believe He is in control of all things and that we are to bring ourselves into conformity to His will.


Scriptures for Study: Read what Job writes about the fleeting nature of life (Job_7:6-7; Job_9:25-26; Job_14:1-2). What wonderful encouragement do Peter and John give us (1Pe_1:24-25; 1Jn_2:17)?





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Hebrew – Help Meet

ēzer negeḏ

Gen_2:18 reveals the exact reason God provided Eve for Adam: “The LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.” Here is an often misunderstood (even hated) verse, but it, along with 1Co_11:9— “Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man”—could not be clearer. Before we chalk all this up to some supposed “male chauvinism,” let us consider the truly incredible reason for it.

The Hebrew for help here is ‘ēzer (H5828), which speaks of a “helper, assistant, one who aids.” The most significant aspect of this word, however, is that most of its twenty-two occurrences indicate divine aid, especially in the Psalms (Psa_20:2; Psa_33:20; Psa_70:5; Psa_89:19; Psa_115:9-11; Psa_121:1-2; Psa_124:8; Psa_146:5). Think of it! A godly wife is actually divine aid. God made her specifically to aid the man. Why? Because he needs it! Meet, then, is negeḏ (H5048), which includes such concepts as “over against, corresponding to, and counterpart.” So God made man a counterpart, a helper who complements him, an assistant who is appropriate and suitable for his needs.

I certainly identified with a sign in a wallpaper and paint store that read, “Husbands choosing colors must have note from wife.” How true that is for me! If it’s not blue, then I don’t really care. If it weren’t for my wife’s knowledge, my clothes would seldom be coordinated. And that’s just one area in which she is a helper who is appropriate and suitable for my needs.

One writer says it well: “As a result of the Creation order, men and women are oriented to one another differently. They need one another, but they need one another differently. The man needs the help; the woman needs to help.” That says it perfectly. When we understand that principle, when we are related to our spouse as God has designed us to be, we will see our marriages transformed.

Scriptures for Study: Read the verses in Psalms mentioned above. How is God’s help pictured in Psa_33:20 and Psa_115:9-11? What response does such help generate in us (Psa_146:5)?

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Woman [and] Eve


Iššāh [and] Chawwāh


Today’s words will not please the militant feminists of our day, but God has done more for women than the so-called “feminist movement” could even dream of. Adam actually gave two names to the woman that God provided for him. The first, of course, was Woman (Gen_2:23), the Hebrew ’Iššāh (H802), which Adam himself defined as “taken out of Man.” She is, quite literally, a part of man. (See February 8 for another use of ’iššāh.)


While Greek, Roman, and Jewish culture all held women in low regard, God and His Word hold them in the highest. The OT specifically teaches that women are spiritually equal to men. The Mosaic Law was given to all Israel, women as well as men (Deu_1:1). Both were to teach it to their children (Deu_6:4-7; Pro_6:20). The protection of the law applied equally to women (cf. Exo_21:28-32). Women had inheritance rights (Num_36:1-12). Men and women alike participated in the Jewish religious feasts (Exo_12:3; Deu_16:9-15). The single greatest spiritual vow, the Nazirite vow, was open to both men and women (Num_6:2). Women were involved in spiritual service (Exo_38:8; Neh_7:67). Nor did God hesitate to deal directly with women (Gen_3:13; Gen_16:7-13; Jdg_13:3).


The second name Adam gave this Woman was Eve, a name that should truly bless the heart of every woman. It is the Hebrew Chawwāh (H2332), which is related to chāyāh (H2421, “to be alive”) and Adam expounds as “the mother of all living” (Gen_3:20), as she gave birth (life) to the entire human race (Gen_4:1-2). What a truth! Every wife is both an ’iššāh, who is dependent on a man for her living, and a Chawwāh, on whom every man is dependent for his life. The warm-hearted Walt Disney movie The Lion King contained a song titled “The Circle of Life,” but what we see here is the real circle of life. And God did (and continues to do) all this through one institution, marriage.


To each dear, godly lady who might be reading this, may God richly bless you as you bring life into this world for His glory.


Scriptures for Study: Read the verses mentioned in today’s study, meditating on the place God has given women and the implications of that truth.




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Hebrew – Man [and] Adam (1)




What a piece of work is a man! how noble in reason! how infinite in faculty! in form and moving how express and admirable! in action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a god! the beauty of the world! the paragon of animals!” So wrote William Shakespeare. That is true, however, only because God alone did it all. We had nothing to do with it, regardless of the ramblings of the humanist.


A Greek word that perfectly illustrates this is poiēma (G4161, English “poem”), which Paul uses to refer to us as God’s “workmanship, created in Christ Jesus” (Eph_2:10). Another form of the word, poiētēs, refers to one who makes something or to a work of art. In ancient Greek this referred to an author or poet. So we are God’s work of art, masterpiece, or poem.


The Hebrew ’āḏām (H120) appears more than 550 times in the OT, 408 of which are translated man (“men” H121) and thirteen as Adam (AV). While its origin is unsure, it seems to be linked to ’āḏōm or ’āḏēm (H119), “to be red, ruddy, or dyed red.” A related word is used, for example, of David’s ruddy appearance (1Sa_16:12; 1Sa_17:42). Another clue is the Akkadian adamātu, “dark red soil,” which takes us immediately to Gen_2:7 : “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul,” picturing that man was created out of the very elements of the earth and is connected to it.


The word “formed” (yāsar, H3335) refers to fashioning or shaping something, as a potter fashions a vessel from the clay. The power of God then gave man a life that is unique over all Creation, making man in His image and likeness (Gen_1:26); while man is finite, he is still the reflection of such qualities as God’s personality, truth, wisdom, love, holiness, and justice. Once dead “Adamites,” we are now alive in Christ (1Co_15:22).


Another Creation occurs when Christ enters our life. We become the “new man” (Eph_2:15; Eph_4:24). The Greek kainos (G2537) anthropos (G444) speaks of man (as a species) becoming new in the sense of quality and having never existed before. We have truly been created new in Christ (2Co_5:17), with transformed character and habits. Indeed, “What a piece of work is a [spiritual] man!”


Scriptures for Study: Read Genesis 2. What observations can you note about man (Adam)? (Note: Man in Gen_2:23 is a different word, which we will examine tomorrow.)




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Kingdom Restoration


Amos 9:11-15


In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old,” Amos 9:11. 



Adam lost the kingdom to Satan. Therefore, God created His Son to restore the kingdom back to God. This Son would be His Prophet, Priest, King and sacrifice. As the sacrifice, He would redeem mankind back to God. As God’s Prophet, He would bring God’s truth into the world of darkness. As God’s Priest, He would make the atonement and ask forgiveness for mankind’s sins. As God’s King, He will return on a conqueror’s war horse, wearing a golden crown, crush all the powers of darkness and set up God’s physical kingdom on the earth.


And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS” (Rev. 19:11-16). “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God” (Rev. 21:3).



Just Saying


God’s King can make all things new for anyone in the New Year . . .  if one will let him.



Robert Brock



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9 Year-Old Recaps The Entire Bible!

9 Year-Old Recaps The Entire Bible!.

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The duties of men are summarily comprised in the Ten Commandments, consisting of two tables, one comprehending the duties which we owe immediately to God, the other, the duties we owe to our fellow men.” – Noah Webster

Exodus 20 gives us the Ten Commandments. They are not called the the Ten Suggestions. These certainly were not the beginning of the law. In the garden the law not to eat of the fruit of the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil was disobeyed. This breaking of the law is what plunged man into sin. Let me ask you, do you believe that God thought man would not break His law and thereby break His heart? God knew man would break His law and therefore had already made provision for it. The picture of the provision was the animal slain and blood shed to cover man’s nakedness.

By the law man was condemned and by the law man is saved. Not that man can keep the law in every jot and tittle, we fail miserably, but Christ made after the fashion of man lived the law without ever breaking it. In this sense, the law saved us by the Grace and Mercy of God in sending His Son to take our penalty on the cross. Do not despise the law like so many do today, but love the law that demanded perfect living and a sinless sacrifice to be our substitute.

I personally thank God for the law that brought His Son as payment for my sin.Technorati Tags: , , , , , ,

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